More and more population is shifting from rural areas to urban areas, resulting in urbanization. Lighting should be considered as it is critical to both social and economic progress. Lighting allows city dwellers to perform normally at night as well as during the day. Great urban lighting creates an attractive landscape as well as a safe and enjoyable public environment. Residents and visitors alike are comfortable in this type of urban lighting. Then, the social cohesion and economic value of the city is reinforced. However, the rapidly increasing population also puts pressure on the ecological system, making it even more difficult to balance the relationship between urban lighting and environmental protection. Light pollution should be avoided as it affects not only the environment but also biodiversity. For this reason, attention should be paid to both the inhabitants and the environment in urban lighting.
Urban areas are lighting for pedestrians and the environment. Lighting plays an important role in urban development. Big city lighting adds dynamism to the city by illuminating the city during dark periods. Urban lighting can be used for streets, roads, pathways, parks, buildings, bridges, plazas, etc. It includes various places such as
The most important issue in lighting is safety. For this reason, urban lighting is divided into three.
Focuses on essential and critical lighting requirements of pedestrian and driver safety. It can be defined as street lighting as it mainly includes street and road lighting. It helps pedestrians and drivers stay safe at night by guiding their way.
-It is about lighting the infrastructures that allow pedestrians to spend their free time in the open area after dark. It integrates with most spaces but also accentuates the look of the space. Examples of these are paths, parks, squares, etc. such places.
It is related to the decorative lighting of the surrounding architectures that serve aesthetic functions. Architectural lighting enhances landmarks such as large buildings and bridges, calming the city and making it more attractive to visitors.
Urban Lighting Fixtures
Different types of luminaires are used for urban lighting. E.g;
-Street lamps are widely chosen. These luminaires are installed on high masts with different types of lighting distribution to match the length and width of the streets. Intelligent sensors and controls are equipped for street lights to save energy as they have high output and energy consumption.
Barrier lamps and post lamps are the main types of luminaires integrated for urban lighting. Ground-mounted bollard lights on roads, parks, sidewalks and other areas perform both illuminating and aesthetic functions. Lower height (about 0.5 m to 1 m) and asymmetric optics are used to reduce irritating light and glare. The pole lights are elegant and modern and illuminate the city.
-Another lighting fixtures are RGBW facade lights. RGBW façade lights add chromatic dynamism to the city. By embellishing and highlighting the architectures, they make the city colorful and beautiful. With the help of the smart control, the illumination intensity and color of the RGBW facade lights can be adjusted. Thus, energy consumption can be reduced without any reduction in lighting effect.
Important Considerations for Achieving Perfect Urban Lighting Good city lighting should be functional. Urban lighting also helps to create colorful, dynamic and fascinating public environments. Great urban lighting also contributes to social interaction and economic progress. Neither safety nor aesthetics can be overlooked to achieve great urban lighting. What we need to keep in mind is that major urban lighting should focus on the people, the city and the environment rather than the fixtures, controls and lighting standards used to carry out the lighting design. These are important factors, but not essential elements of major urban lighting. Luminaires, lighting standards and controls are used to serve people's needs, build the reputation and character of the city, and prevent lighting pollution. Great urban lighting should be people-oriented, city-centered and environmentally friendly. Focus on the character and reputation of the city. Make urban lighting with landmarks, architectures and buildings, the city's culture and economic strength in mind. Pay attention to the installation of the lighting you will make by an expert team in a way that does not disturb other factors in the environment. It is up to you to bring together the security, entertainment and aesthetic functions in line with the image of your city and to conclude this with a beautiful project. Urban lighting is a very important consideration for people and makes them feel safe and comfortable when it's dark. Therefore, care should be taken and lighting should be done in a way that will provide maximum benefit.