Lighting Considerations for Warehouses

Warehouses are often large spaces with high shelves, windows, and a lot of material. They are especially equipped with high shelves, because they are made to place more materials in the warehouse and to establish an order. It is very important in terms of separating the materials according to their important elements such as product code, serial number, expiry date and finding the desired material easily.

In addition, trucks, forklifts, pallet trucks, etc. are used in warehouses to increase efficiency, to transport and stock materials. in equipment such as That's why proper lighting is an important element for warehouses. Employees must see the material clearly, read the label correctly and remove the desired material from the warehouse. There are forklifts and pallets carrying heavy loads in the aisles, and when a constant crowd of people is added, the aisles are the most crowded and busiest places in the warehouse. Corridors are long and narrow throughout the warehouses, so it is very important to ensure the safety of the warehouses and proper lighting for the warehouse shelves.

Importance of Warehouse Corridor Lighting

-Energy Saving

Warehouses in factories work all day under intense tempo, sometimes even more intense in factories that work on a 24-hour basis. Overtime increases the risk of fixtures failing, which ultimately means higher maintenance costs. A cost-effective and energy-efficient lighting system results in a reduction in both the electricity bill and maintenance costs.

-Preventing Accidents

Warehouses contain a lot of heavy equipment and they work in aisles to move goods. Operators must be in control of everything so that they do not harm other co-workers and property. Hallway lighting is very important for operators to work with clear viewing angles.


Good lighting and a comfortable working environment prevent employees from sleeping and reduce their feeling of tiredness, which means more concentrated work. Glare and darkness reduce productivity. Adequate lighting helps the product to be seen clearly, quickly and accurately selected and removed from the warehouse.

-For Employee Health

Glare can damage human eyesight and cause visual fatigue. Glare can cause anxiety, loss of concentration, etc. cause such inconveniences. It can also cause insomnia and headaches. However, if comfortable and quality lighting is provided for human health, employees will get rid of all these negativities and continue their work in a more efficient and healthy way.


Warehouse Corridor Lighting Issues

Lighting design is not related to the dimensions of the warehouse, but to the length, width and height of the shelves as well as the ceiling height. Luminaires should never be placed on the shelves. Because high shelves block the light and cause shadow. In addition, if the luminaires are placed too close to the goods, the heat emitted by the luminaire may cause a fire. High visibility is important for corridor lighting and should be placed in the middle of the corridor to avoid shadows from darkness. The level and distribution of illumination should flow efficiently and evenly within the shelves, not just the floor.

-Lighting Distribution

Corridors in warehouses are mostly long, so the lighting distribution should be placed according to the shelf order. If the aisles are too narrow, they should have a wide beam angle if they are wider than the narrow beam angle.

Symmetrical lighting distribution should provide higher light levels in shelves and corridors, as a result, there will be more light on the floor, which can cause energy waste and eye strain. Asymmetrical illumination distribution is more effective than symmetrical illumination distribution. It reduces the level of illumination on the floor and highlights the visibility of the products on the shelves. It will be possible to save up to 30% energy in asymmetrical lighting distribution. In addition, when the illumination level on the floor is low, discomfort such as loss of concentration and glare will decrease.

-Smart Sensors

PIR (Passive Infrared) sensor, motion sensor and photocell sensor are widely used in lighting control. A dimmable lighting system is efficient, flexible and economical. The integrated sensor has higher efficiency. When the sensors detect the movement of people and then turn on the luminaires suddenly, it may dazzle the employees and cause an accident, or the luminaires are instantly turned off, but the workers remain in the middle of the corridor. A smart lighting sensor system should pre-light the corridor to provide uniform illumination to the worker. When the first light is on, the second light should come on immediately, providing continuous illumination. The employee sees the presence of any person or forklift without causing accidents. Intelligent control helps reduce electricity bill and lighting efficiency.